Hyperspectral band selection using crossover based gravitational search algorithm

Zabalza, Jaime and Zhang, Aizhu and Ma, Ping and Liu, Sihan and Sun, Genyun and Huang, Hui and Wang, Zhenjie and Lin, Chengyan (2018) Hyperspectral band selection using crossover based gravitational search algorithm. IET Image Processing. ISSN 1751-9659 (https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-ipr.2018.5362)

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Band selection is an important data dimensionality reduction tool in hyperspectral images (HSIs). To identify the most informative subset band from the hundreds of highly corrected bands in HSIs, a novel hyperspectral band selection method using a crossover based gravitational search algorithm (CGSA) is presented in this paper. In this method, the discriminative capability of each band subset is evaluated by a combined optimization criterion, which is constructed based on the overall classification accuracy and the size of the band subset. As the evolution of the criterion, the subset is updated using the V-shaped transfer function based CGSA. Ultimately, the band subset with the best fitness value is selected. Experiments on two public hyperspectral datasets, i.e. the Indian Pines dataset and the Pavia University dataset, have been conducted to test the performance of the proposed method. Comparing experimental results against the basic GSA and the PSOGSA (hybrid PSO and GSA) revealed that all of the three GSA variants can considerably reduce the band dimensionality of HSIs without damaging their classification accuracy. Moreover, the CGSA shows superiority on both the effectiveness and efficiency compared to the other two GSA variants.