Capital structure, cash holdings and firm value : a study of Brazilian listed firms

Rodrigues Loncan, Tiago and Caldeira, João Frois (2014) Capital structure, cash holdings and firm value : a study of Brazilian listed firms. Revista Contabilidade & Finanças, 25 (64). pp. 46-59. ISSN 1808-057X (

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This study analyzed the relationship among capital structure, cash holdings and firm value for a sample of publicly traded Brazilian firms, through panel data regressions, employing the fixed-effects estimator. Initially, it was estimated regressions between capital structure (debt to total capital) and cash holdings (cash to assets), as well as between cash holdings and short and long-term debt. Next, it was applied a regression among firm value, capital structure and cash holdings. The results of this study suggested that debt, both short and long-termed, is negatively related to cash holdings, and that the level of cash holdings is also associated to a lower leverage. The study also presented indirect evidence that financially constrained firms hold more cash. Regarding to the impact of the capital structure on the firm value, short-term debt, long-term debt and the financial constraint had negative marginal effects on the firm value, suggesting a risk-averse behavior of investors in relation to debt. Cash holdings, instead, is valued as positive by investors, but up to an optimum threshold level. Further, the market capitalization is discounted with respect to cash holdings (inverted U-curve), in synergy with static trade-off theory of cash holdings.