Theoretical aspects of analogue quantum simulation

Daley, A. J.; Calarco, T. and Fazio, R. and Mataloni, P., eds. (2018) Theoretical aspects of analogue quantum simulation. In: Quantum Simulators. Proceedings of the International School of Physics "Enrico Fermi" . IOS Press, ITA, pp. 55-110. ISBN 978-1-61499-855-6

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In these lectures, we discuss theoretical aspects of analogue quantum simulation, focussing on ultracold atoms in optical lattices as a specific example. We touch on the motivation for quantum simulation, before going into detail on the first-principles microscopic understanding of the system that allows us to use ultra-cold atoms as quantum simulators. This level of understanding and control crucially also exists for the dominant dissipative processes in experiments. We conclude by discussing the verification of quantum simulators, comparison with classical simulations, and the current role of many-body entanglement in this discussion.