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Nonlinear oscillatory rarefied gas flow inside a rectangular cavity

Wang, Peng and Zhu, Lianhua and Su, Wei and Wu, Lei and Zhang, Yonghao (2018) Nonlinear oscillatory rarefied gas flow inside a rectangular cavity. Physical Review E, 97 (4). ISSN 1539-3755

Text (Wang-etal-PRE-2018-Nonlinear-oscillatory-rarefied-gas-flow-inside-a-rectangular-cavity)
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The nonlinear oscillation of rarefied gas flow inside a two-dimensional rectangular cavity is investigated on the basis of the Shakhov kinetic equation. The gas dynamics, heat transfer, and damping force are studied numerically via the discrete unified gas-kinetic scheme for a wide range of parameters, including gas rarefaction, cavity aspect ratio, and oscillation frequency. Contrary to the linear oscillation where the velocity, temperature, and heat flux are symmetrical and oscillate with the same frequency as the oscillating lid, flow properties in nonlinear oscillatory cases turn out to be asymmetrical, and second-harmonic oscillation of the temperature field is observed. As a consequence, the amplitude of the shear stress near the top-right corner of the cavity could be several times larger than that at the left-top corner, while the temperature at the top-right corner could be significantly higher than the wall temperature nearly in the whole oscillation period. For the linear oscillation with the frequency over a critical value, and for the nonlinear oscillation, the heat transfer from the hot to cold region dominates inside the cavity, which is contrary to the anti-Fourier heat transfer in a low-speed rarefied lid-driven cavity flow. The damping force exerted on the oscillating lid is studied in detail, and the scaling laws are developed to describe the dependency of the resonance and anti-resonance frequencies (corresponding to the damping force at a local maximum and minimum, respectively) on the reciprocal aspect ratio from the near hydrodynamic to highly rarefied regimes. These findings could be useful in design of the micro-electro-mechanical devices operating in the nonlinear flow regime.