Multifunctional sensor based on organic field-effect transistor and ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene)

Hannah, Stuart and Davidson, Alan and Glesk, Ivan and Uttamchandani, Deepak and Dahiya, Ravinder and Gleskova, Helena (2018) Multifunctional sensor based on organic field-effect transistor and ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene). Organic Electronics, 56. pp. 170-177. ISSN 1566-1199

[img]
Preview
Text (Hannah-etal-OE-2018-Multifunctional-sensor-based-on-organic-field-effect-transistor)
Hannah_etal_OE_2018_Multifunctional_sensor_based_on_organic_field_effect_transistor.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (1MB)| Preview

    Abstract

    A multifunctional sensor that responds to all – static/quasi-static or dynamic temperature or force – is reported. The sensor is based on a ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)) capacitor connected to the gate of organic field-effect transistor (OFET). Both, the P(VDF-TrFE) capacitance and the output voltage of the P(VDF-TrFE)/OFET sensor exhibit a logarithmic response to static compressive force, leading to higher sensitivity for small forces. In addition, both the P(VDF-TrFE) capacitance and the output voltage of the P(VDF-TrFE)/OFET sensor exhibit a linear dependence on the static/constant temperature. Response to static force or temperature is observed irrespective of whether P(VDF-TrFE) is in ferroelectric or paraelectric states, confirming that piezo/pyroelectricity is not essential when monitoring static events. The piezo/pyroelectricity become activated during dynamic events (dynamic force or temperature) when the ferroelectric P(VDF-TrFE)/OFET sensor is used. The obtained results indicate different sensing mechanisms for static and dynamic stimuli. Consequently, by choosing P(VDF-TrFE) layers in ferroelectric or paraelectric states a route for differentiating between the static and dynamic stimuli may exist.