Stochastic seismic analysis and comparison of alternative external dissipative systems

Gioiella, Laura and Tubaldi, Enrico and Gara, Fabrizio and Dezi, Luigino and Dall'Asta, Andrea (2018) Stochastic seismic analysis and comparison of alternative external dissipative systems. Shock and Vibration, 2018. 5403737. ISSN 1875-9203

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    Abstract

    This paper deals with the seismic retrofit of existing frames by means of external passive dissipative systems. Available in different configurations, these systems allow high flexibility in controlling the structural behaviour and are characterized by some feasibility advantages with respect to dissipative devices installed within existing frames. In particular, this study analyzes and compares the performances of two external solutions using linear viscous dampers. The first is based on the coupling of the building with an external fixed-based steel braced frame by means of dampers placed horizontally at the floor levels. The second is an innovative one, based on coupling the building with a “dissipative tower,” which is a steel braced frame hinged at the foundation level, and activating the dampers through its rocking motion.The effectiveness of the two solutions is evaluated and compared by considering a benchmark existing reinforced concrete building,employing a stochastic dynamic approach, under the assumption of linear elastic behaviour for the seismic performance evaluation. This allows efficiently estimating the statistics of many response parameters of interest for the performance assessment and thus carrying out extensive parametric analyses for different properties of the external systems. The study results provide useful information regarding the design and the relative efficiency of the proposed retrofit solutions.