A pseudospark cathode Cherenkov maser : theory and experiment

Yin, H and Phelps, A.D.R and He, W and Robb, G.R.M and Ronald, K and Aitken, P and McNeil, B.W.J and Cross, A.W and Whyte, C.G (1998) A pseudospark cathode Cherenkov maser : theory and experiment. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 407 (1-3). pp. 175-180. ISSN 0168-9002

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    Abstract

    The pseudospark discharge offers the possibility of producing electron beams which are very attractive for use in high-power microwave generation. A pseudospark-based Cherenkov maser amplifier is currently under development at Strathclyde University. The electron beam source for this maser is a multi-gap pseudospark discharge. Preliminary results from recent Cherenkov maser experiments and a comparison with a numerical simulation are presented. A microwave pulse of 100 ns duration and approximately 10 kW peak power was generated by a 80 kV, 20 A beam passed through an alumina-lined waveguide when the interaction was allowed to start up from noise, which appeared to originate from the pseudospark discharge. Simulations agree well with the experimental results when a beam energy spread of 1.5% is assumed.