Detecting beta-amyloid aggregation from the time-resolved emission spectra

Alghamdi, Abeer and Vyshemirsky, Vladislav and Birch, David J S and Rolinski, Olaf J (2017) Detecting beta-amyloid aggregation from the time-resolved emission spectra. Methods and Applications in Fluorescence. ISSN 2050-6120

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    Abstract

    The aggregation of beta-amyloids is one of the key processes responsible for the development of Alzheimer's disease. Early molecular-level detection of beta-amyloid oligomers may help in early diagnosis and in the development of new intervention therapies. Our previous studies on the changes in beta-amyloid's single tyrosine intrinsic fluorescence response during aggregation demonstrated a four-exponential fluorescence intensity decay, and the ratio of the pre-exponential factors indicated the extent of the aggregation in the early stages of the process before the beta-sheets were formed. Here we present a complementary approach based on the time-resolved emission spectra (TRES) of amyloid's tyrosine excited at 279 nmand fluorescent in the window 240–450 nm. TRES has been used to demonstrate sturctural changes occuring on the nanosecond time scale after excitation which has significant advantages over using steady-state spectra.Wedemonstrate this by resolving the fluorescent species and revealing that beta-amyloid's monomers show very fast dielectric relaxation, and its oligomers display a substantial spectral shift due to dielectric relaxation, which gradually decreases when the oligomers become larger.