Characterisation and modelling of in-plane springback in a commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti)

Khayatzadeh, S. and Thomas, M. J. and Millet, Y. and Rahimi, S. (2018) Characterisation and modelling of in-plane springback in a commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti). Journal of Materials Science. ISSN 0022-2461

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    Abstract

    Effective prediction of springback during sheet metal forming is critically important for automotive and aerospace industries, especially when forming metals with high strength to weight ratio such as Titanium. This requires materials mechanical data during plastic deformation and their dependencies on parameters like strain, strain rate and sample orientation. In this study, springback is quantified experimentally as elastic strain recovery, degradation in Young’s modulus and inelastic strain recovery on unloading in a commercially pure titanium type 50A (CP-Ti-50A). The results show strain rate dependent anisotropic mechanical behaviours and a degradation in Young’s modulus with increased level of plastic deformation. The level of degradation in Young’s modules increases gradually from 13% for samples parallel to the rolling direction (RD) to 20% for those perpendicular to the RD. A measurable non-linear strain recovery was also observed on unloading that is orientation dependent. The level of springback is characterised as the sum of elastic recovery and the contributions from both the degradation in Young’s modulus and anelastic strain recovery. It is shown that the Chord modulus can estimate springback with a reasonable accuracy taking into consideration the elastic strain recovery, degradation in Young’s modulus and anelastic strain recovery.