Mixed Ca/Sr salt forms of salicylic acid, tuning structure and aqueous solubility

Allan, Pamela and Arlin, Jean-Baptiste and Kennedy, Alan R. and Walls, Aiden (2018) Mixed Ca/Sr salt forms of salicylic acid, tuning structure and aqueous solubility. Acta Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry, C74 (2). pp. 131-138. ISSN 2053-2296

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    Abstract

    Ten isostructural single-crystal diffraction studies of mixed cation Ca/Sr salt forms of the salicylate anion are presented, [Ca(1 − x)Srx(C7H5O3)2(OH2)2], where x = 0, 0.041, 0.083, 0.165, 0.306, 0.529, 0.632, 0.789, 0.835 and 1. The structure of an isostructural Sr/Ba species [Sr0.729Ba0.271(C7H5O3)2(OH2)2], is also described. The Ca/Sr structures form a series where, with increasing Sr content, the unit cell expands in both the crystallographic a and c directions (by 1.80 and 3.18% respectively), but contracts slightly in the b direction (−0.31%). The largest percentage structural expansion lies parallel to the direction of propagation of the one-dimensional coordination polymer that is the primary structural feature. This structural expansion is thus associated with increased M—O distances. Aqueous solubility measurements show that solubility generally increases with increasing Sr content·Thus tuning the composition of these mixed counterion salt forms leads to sytematic structural changes and allows solubility to be tuned to values between those for the pure Ca and Sr species.