Observation of terahertz radiation via the two-color laser scheme with uncommon frequency ratios

Zhang, Liang-Liang and Wang, Wei-M. and Wu, Tong and Zhang, Rui and Zhang, Shi-J. and Zhang, Cun-Lin and Zhang, Yan and Sheng, Zheng-Ming and Zhang, Xi-Cheng (2017) Observation of terahertz radiation via the two-color laser scheme with uncommon frequency ratios. Physical Review Letters, 119 (23). 235001. ISSN 0031-9007

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    Abstract

    In the widely-studied two-color laser scheme for terahertz (THz) radiation from a gas, the frequency ratio of the two lasers is usually fixed at w2/w1=1:2. We investigate THz generation with uncommon frequency ratios. Our experiments show, for the first time, efficient THz generation with new ratios of w2/w1=1:4 and 2:3. We observe that the THz polarization can be adjusted by rotating the longer-wavelength laser polarization and the polarization adjustment becomes inefficient by rotating the other laser polarization; the THz energy shows similar scaling laws with different frequency ratios. These observations are inconsistent with multi-wave mixing theory, but support the gas-ionization model. This study pushes the development of the two-color scheme and provides a new dimension to explore the long-standing problem of the THz generation mechanism.