Talbot-enhanced, maximum-visibility imaging of condensate interference

Zhai, Y. and Carson, C. H. and Henderson, V. A. and Griffin, P. F. and Riis, E. and Arnold, A. S. (2018) Talbot-enhanced, maximum-visibility imaging of condensate interference. Optica, 5 (1). pp. 80-85. ISSN 1899-7015 (https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.5.000080)

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Nearly two centuries ago Talbot first observed the fascinating effect whereby light propagating through a periodic structure generates a ‘carpet’ of image revivals in the near field. Here we report the first observation of the spatial Talbot effect for light interacting with periodic Bose-Einstein condensate interference fringes. The Talbot effect can lead to dramatic loss of fringe visibility in images, degrading precision interferometry, however we demonstrate how the effect can also be used as a tool to enhance visibility, as well as extend the useful focal range of matter wave detection systems by orders of magnitude. We show that negative optical densities arise from matter-wave induced lensing of detuned imaging light – yielding Talbot-enhanced single-shot interference visibility of > 135% compared to the ideal visibility for resonant light.


Zhai, Y., Carson, C. H., Henderson, V. A. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9233-589X, Griffin, P. F. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0134-7554, Riis, E. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3225-5302 and Arnold, A. S. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7084-6958;