GW170814 : a three-detector observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole coalescence

Abbott, B. P. and Jawahar, S. and Lockerbie, N. A. and Tokmakov, K. V., LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration (2017) GW170814 : a three-detector observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole coalescence. Physical Review Letters, 119 (14). 141101. ISSN 0031-9007

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    Abstract

    On August 14, 2017 at 10∶30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm rate of ≲1 in 27 000 years. The signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5+5.7−3.0M⊙ and 25.3+2.8−4.2M⊙ (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540+130−210  Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z=0.11+0.03−0.04. A network of three detectors improves the sky localization of the source, reducing the area of the 90% credible region from 1160   deg2 using only the two LIGO detectors to 60  deg2 using all three detectors. For the first time, we can test the nature of gravitational-wave polarizations from the antenna response of the LIGO-Virgo network, thus enabling a new class of phenomenological tests of gravity.