Stress relaxation behaviour in IN718 nickel based superalloy during ageing heat treatments

Rahimi, Salaheddin and King, Michael and Dumont, Christian (2017) Stress relaxation behaviour in IN718 nickel based superalloy during ageing heat treatments. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 708. pp. 563-573. ISSN 0921-5093

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    Abstract

    Designing microstructure of components made from Inconel 718 nickel based superalloy (IN718) with tailored mechanical properties for high temperature applications, require sequential thermo-mechanical processing. This often includes straining and annealing at solution annealing temperature (i.e. ≈980℃) followed by water quenching and subsequent aging heat treatments at lower temperatures. In addition to the microstructure development (i.e. precipitation) the aging heat treatment partially relieve the residual stresses generated at previous stages of forging and water quenching, however the stress field will not be completely relaxed. In this study, a series of experiments were conducted on round tensile specimens made from IN718 bar to investigate tensile stress relaxation behaviours at elevated temperatures used for aging heat treatments. The stress relaxation curves obtained can be described by a hyperbolic function with a non-zero asymptotic stress (σ∞), which seems to be proportional to the initially applied stress (σ0) for a fixed temperature. This behaviour is investigated at temperatures between 620℃ and 770℃ that is a temperature range used in industry to perform the aging heat treatments to obtain microstructures with tailored mechanical properties. It has been shown that the σ∞/ σ0 ratio has decreased rapidly with increasing temperature at this range. The relaxation behaviour has been assessed numerically and an empirical relationship has been defined for each temperature that can be used for modelling purposes.