High-precision control of static magnetic field magnitude, orientation, and gradient using optically pumped vapour cell magnetometry

Ingleby, S. J. and Griffin, P. F. and Arnold, A. S. and Choulaira, Manto and Riis, E. (2017) High-precision control of static magnetic field magnitude, orientation, and gradient using optically pumped vapour cell magnetometry. Review of Scientific Instruments, 88 (4). 043109. ISSN 0034-6748

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    Abstract

    An integrated system of hardware and software allowing precise definition of arbitrarily oriented magnetic fields up to |B| = 1 μT within a five-layer Mumetal shield is described. The system is calibrated with reference to magnetic resonance observed between Zeeman states of the 6S1/2 F = 4 133Cs ground state. Magnetic field definition over the full 4π solid angle is demonstrated with one-sigma tolerances in magnitude, orientation, and gradient of δ|B| = 0.94 nT, δθ = 5.9 mrad, and δ|∇B|=13.0δ|∇B|=13.0 pT/mm, respectively. This field control is used to empirically map Mx magnetometer signal amplitude as a function of the static field (B0) orientation.