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Web crippling strength of cold-formed stainless steel lipped channels with web perforations under end-two-flange loading

Yousefi, Amir M. and Uzzaman, Asraf and Lim, James B.P. and Clifton, G. Charles and Young, Ben (2017) Web crippling strength of cold-formed stainless steel lipped channels with web perforations under end-two-flange loading. Advances in Structural Engineering. pp. 1-46. ISSN 2048-4011

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    Abstract

    This paper presents a finite element investigation into the web crippling strength of cold-formed stainless steel lipped channels with circular web perforations under end-two-flange (ETF) loading. The cases of web openings located both centred and offset to the load bearing plates, are considered. In order to take into account the influence of the circular web openings, a parametric study involving 2,190 finite element analyses was performed, covering duplex EN1.4462, austenitic EN1.4404 and ferretic EN1.4003 stainless steel grades; from the results of the parametric study, strength reduction factor equations are determined. The strength reduction factor equations are first compared to equations recently proposed for cold-formed carbon steel lipped channels. It is demonstrated that the strength reduction factor equations proposed for cold-formed carbon steel are conservative for the stainless steel grades by up to 10%. New coefficients for web crippling strength reduction factor equations are then proposed that can be applied to all three stainless steel grades.