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Improved use of wind turbine kinetic energy for system frequency support

Xu, Guoyi and Xu, Lie (2016) Improved use of wind turbine kinetic energy for system frequency support. IET Renewable Power Generation. ISSN 1752-1416

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Abstract

To ensure security operation of power systems with high wind penetration, wind turbines (WTs) are required to participate system frequency control. The amount of WT kinetic energy used for system frequency control is discussed and minimum rotor speeds according to different WT operation states are defined to avoid large drop of mechanical power during WT frequency control. The effect of different power shapes of releasing the kinetic energy on system frequency support is investigated and two methods are proposed. The first one is aimed at reducing the rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) whereas the second one aimed to reduce both the ROCOF and frequency nadir. The proposed strategies not only make full use of the available kinetic energy but also lead to a smooth transition when the rotor re-accelerates. The performance of the proposed strategies is validated by simulations using Matlab/Simulink. The results indicate significant improvement on system frequency control.