DC-link control filtering options for torque ripple reduction in low power wind turbines

Pena Alzola, Rafael and Campos-Gaona, David and Ksiazek, Peter and Ordonez, Martin (2017) DC-link control filtering options for torque ripple reduction in low power wind turbines. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 32 (6). pp. 4812-4826. ISSN 0885-8993 (https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2597844)

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Small Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECSs) are becoming an attractive option for distributed energy generation. WECSs use permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSGs) directly coupled to the wind turbine and connected to the grid through a single-phase grid-tie converter. The loading produced on the DC-link is characterized by large ripple currents at twice the grid frequency. These ripple currents are reflected through the DC bus into the PMSG, causing increased heating and ripple torque. In this paper, the PMSG inverter is used to control the DC link voltage. In order to avoid reflecting the ripple currents into the PMSG, the feedback DC-link voltage is passed through a filter. The Butterworth filters, notch filters, antiresonant filter (ARF) and moving average filter (MAF) are considered. For a fair comparison, formulas are provided to tune the filter parameters so that DC-link voltage control will achieve the selected bandwidth. The different filtering options produce different levels of torque ripple reduction. Notch Filter, ARF and MAF obtain the best results and there is a trade-off between the filter implementation complexity, bandwidth, overshoot and the torque ripple reduction. Simulations and experiments using a 2.5 kW PMSG turbine generator validate the proposals.