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Literature Review : Electrical Energy Storage for Scotland

Infield, David and Hill, Jesse (2015) Literature Review : Electrical Energy Storage for Scotland. [Report]

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Abstract

This report examines the role and value of energy storage in the context of electricity systems that are expected to absorb increasing quantities of time variable electricity generation from renewable sources in the years ahead. Particular attention is given to Scotland with its vast renewable energy potential and limited interconnection to the parts of the UK with the major electricity loads. Energy storage technologies cover a wide range of levels of development from mature technologies like pumped hydro with over 50 years of operational experience, to technologies still under development such as flow batteries and hydrogen storage systems, and all of these are reviewed. All scales of possible application are considered here from whole power system support, through community power provision, down to individual households.