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Discontinuous Galerkin discretizations of optimized Schwarz methods for solving the time-harmonic Maxwell's equations

El Bouajaji, Mohamed and Dolean Maini, Victorita and Gander, Martin J. and Lanteri, Stephane and Perrussel, Ronan (2015) Discontinuous Galerkin discretizations of optimized Schwarz methods for solving the time-harmonic Maxwell's equations. ETNA - Electronic Transactions on Numerical Analysis, 44. pp. 572-592. ISSN 1068-9613

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We show in this paper how to properly discretize optimized Schwarz methods for the time-harmonic Maxwell's equations in two and three spatial dimensions using a discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method. Due to the multiple traces between elements in the DG formulation, it is not clear a priori how the more sophisticated transmission conditions in optimized Schwarz methods should be discretized, and the most natural approach, at convergence of the Schwarz method, does not lead to the monodomain DG solution, which implies that for such discretizations, the DG error estimates do not hold when the Schwarz method has converged. We present here a consistent discretization of the transmission conditions in the framework of a DG weak formulation, for which we prove that the multidomain and monodomain solutions for the Maxwell's equations are the same. We illustrate our results with several numerical experiments of propagation problems in homogeneous and heterogeneous media.