Synchronization of Bloch oscillations by a ring cavity

Samoylova, M. and Piovella, N. and Robb, G. R. M. and Bachelard, R. and Courteille, Ph. W. (2015) Synchronization of Bloch oscillations by a ring cavity. Optics Express, 23 (11). pp. 14823-14835. ISSN 1094-4087

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    We consider Bloch oscillations of ultracold atoms stored in a one-dimensional vertical optical lattice and simultaneously interacting with a unidirectionally pumped optical ring cavity whose vertical arm is collinear with the optical lattice. We find that the feedback provided by the cavity field on the atomic motion synchronizes Bloch oscillations via a mode-locking mechanism, steering the atoms to the lowest Bloch band. It also stabilizes Bloch oscillations against noise, and even suppresses dephasing due to atom-atom interactions. Furthermore, it generates periodic bursts of light emitted into the counter-propagating cavity mode, providing a non-destructive monitor of the atomic dynamics. All these features may be crucial for future improvements of the design of atomic gravimeters based on recording Bloch oscillations.

    ORCID iDs

    Samoylova, M., Piovella, N., Robb, G. R. M. ORCID logoORCID:, Bachelard, R. and Courteille, Ph. W.;