Picture water droplets

Developing mathematical theories of the physical world: Open Access research on fluid dynamics from Strathclyde

Strathprints makes available Open Access scholarly outputs by Strathclyde's Department of Mathematics & Statistics, where continuum mechanics and industrial mathematics is a specialism. Such research seeks to understand fluid dynamics, among many other related areas such as liquid crystals and droplet evaporation.

The Department of Mathematics & Statistics also demonstrates expertise in population modelling & epidemiology, stochastic analysis, applied analysis and scientific computing. Access world leading mathematical and statistical Open Access research!

Explore all Strathclyde Open Access research...

National Adolescent Treatment Trial for Obesity in Kuwait (NATTO) : project design and results of a randomised controlled trial of a good practice approach to treatment of adolescent obesity in Kuwait

Boodai, Shurooq A and McColl, John H and Reilly, John J (2014) National Adolescent Treatment Trial for Obesity in Kuwait (NATTO) : project design and results of a randomised controlled trial of a good practice approach to treatment of adolescent obesity in Kuwait. Trials, 15. ISSN 1745-6215

[img]
Preview
Text (Boodai-etal-Trials-2014-National-Adolescent-Treatment-Trial-for-Obesity-in-Kuwait)
Boodai_etal_Trials_2014_National_Adolescent_Treatment_Trial_for_Obesity_in_Kuwait.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 logo

Download (696kB) | Preview

Abstract

Few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for the treatment of adolescent obesity have taken place outside the western world. This RCT tested whether a simple ‘good practice’ intervention for the treatment of adolescent obesity would have a greater impact on weight status and other outcomes than a referral to primary care (control) in adolescents in Kuwait City. We report on an assessor-blinded RCT of a treatment intervention in 82 obese 10- to 14-year-olds (mean age 12.4, SD 1.2 years), randomised to a good practice treatment or primary care control group over 6 months. The good practice intervention was intended as relatively low intensity (6 hours contact over 24 weeks, group-based), aiming to change sedentary behaviour, physical activity, and diet. The primary outcome was a change in body mass index (BMI) Z score; other outcomes were changes in waist circumference and blood pressure. The retention of subjects to follow up was acceptable (n = 31 from the intervention group, and n = 32 from the control group), but engagement with both the intervention and control treatment was poor. Treatment had no significant effect on BMI Z score relative to control, and no other significant benefits to intervention were observed. The trial was feasible, but highlights the need to engage obese adolescents and their families in the interventions being trialled. The trial should inform the development of future adolescent obesity treatment trials in the Gulf States with the incorporation of qualitative assessment in future intervention trials.