Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

Import substitution and the demand for skilled labour in Scotland

McNicoll, I H and Foley, M (1997) Import substitution and the demand for skilled labour in Scotland. Quarterly Economic Commentary, 23 (1). pp. 35-39. ISSN 0306-7866

Text (FEC_23_1_1997_McNicollIFoleyM)
Final Published Version

Download (375kB) | Preview


It is, of course, well-known that Scotland is highly 'open' with respect to external trade, with, for example, exports and imports representing 80% and 87% of 1994 GDP respectively.1 However, it is probably fair to say, that, in terms of policy discussion and formulation, considerably more attention is paid to Scotland's performance in export markets than to the impact of import penetration in Scottish markets. This is perhaps unfortunate since, at least at the most general level, 'export promotion' and 'import substitution' can be seen as substitute (or, better still, complementary) policies for enhancing Scottish economic activity.2 In order to inform discussion of the merits or otherwise of import substitution policies for Scotland, the present paper provides quantitative estimates of the effects on the Scottish economy of a marginal change in imports, separately from the Rest of the UK (RUK) and from the Rest of the World (ROW). As part of the 'Scotland's Trade in Skills' project3 the results presented emphasise the impact of changing imports on Scotland's requirements for skilled labour. Formally, this is an embodied factor content analysis, with 'skilled labour' being the sole identified production factor.