The effect of a home-based strength training program on type 2 diabetes risk in obese Latino boys

Kelly, Louise A. and Loza, Armando and Lin, Xaio and Schroeder, E. Todd and Hughes, Adrienne and Kirk, Alison and Knowles, Ann-Marie (2015) The effect of a home-based strength training program on type 2 diabetes risk in obese Latino boys. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, 28 (3-4). 315–322. ISSN 2191-0251 (

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This paper is designed to determine the effects of a home-based strength training (HBST) intervention on insulin sensitivity (SI), compensatory acute insulin response and β-cell function, body composition measures, and maximum strength in obese Latino boys. A total of 26 obese Latino males aged between 14 and 18 years were randomized to either a twice-weekly (n=15) or a control group (C; n=15) for 16 weeks. HBST for 16 weeks, composed of two 1-h sessions per week. Outcome measures were assessed pre-and post-intervention/control condition and included SI, acute insulin response to glucose (AIR) and disposition index (DI), fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, body composition using waist-hip circumferences, body mass index (BMI), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan, blood pressure, and strength by 1-repetition maximum. A repeated measures GLM was used to assess differences in changes in outcome measures, between the C and the HBST groups. There were no significant overall intervention effects on any of the outcome variables (p<0.05). These results suggest that an HBST does not improve SI, maximal strength or decrease adiposity in obese Latino boys.


Kelly, Louise A., Loza, Armando, Lin, Xaio, Schroeder, E. Todd, Hughes, Adrienne ORCID logoORCID:, Kirk, Alison ORCID logoORCID: and Knowles, Ann-Marie ORCID logoORCID:;