Proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration : a path to the future of high-energy particle physics

Assmann, R and Bingham, R and Bohl, T and Bracco, C and Buttenschön, B and Butterworth, A and Caldwell, A and Chattopadhyay, S and Cipiccia, S and Feldbaumer, E and Fonseca, R A and Goddard, B and Gross, M and Grulke, O and Gschwendtner, E and Holloway, J and Huang, C and Jaroszynski, D and Jolly, S and Kempkes, P and Lopes, N and Lotov, K and Machacek, J and Mandry, S R and Meddahi, M and Militsyn, B L and Moschuering, N and Muggli, P and Najmudin, Z and Noakes, T C Q and Norreys, P A and Öz, E and Pardons, A and Petrenko, A and Pukhov, A and Rieger, K and Reimann, O and Ruhl, H and Shaposhnikova, E and Silva, L O and Sosedkin, A and Tarkeshian, R and Trines, R M G N and Tückmantel, T and Vieira, J and Vincke, H and Wing, M and Xia, G (2014) Proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration : a path to the future of high-energy particle physics. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 56 (8). ISSN 0741-3335 (

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New acceleration technology is mandatory for the future elucidation of fundamental particles and their interactions. A promising approach is to exploit the properties of plasmas. Past research has focused on creating large-amplitude plasma waves by injecting an intense laser pulse or an electron bunch into the plasma. However, the maximum energy gain of electrons accelerated in a single plasma stage is limited by the energy of the driver. Proton bunches are the most promising drivers of wakefields to accelerate electrons to the TeV energy scale in a single stage. An experimental program at CERN—the AWAKE experiment—has been launched to study in detail the important physical processes and to demonstrate the power of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration. Here we review the physical principles and some experimental considerations for a future proton-driven plasma wakefield accelerator.


Assmann, R, Bingham, R ORCID logoORCID:, Bohl, T, Bracco, C, Buttenschön, B, Butterworth, A, Caldwell, A, Chattopadhyay, S, Cipiccia, S, Feldbaumer, E, Fonseca, R A, Goddard, B, Gross, M, Grulke, O, Gschwendtner, E, Holloway, J, Huang, C, Jaroszynski, D ORCID logoORCID:, Jolly, S, Kempkes, P, Lopes, N, Lotov, K, Machacek, J, Mandry, S R, Meddahi, M, Militsyn, B L, Moschuering, N, Muggli, P, Najmudin, Z, Noakes, T C Q, Norreys, P A, Öz, E, Pardons, A, Petrenko, A, Pukhov, A, Rieger, K, Reimann, O, Ruhl, H, Shaposhnikova, E, Silva, L O, Sosedkin, A, Tarkeshian, R, Trines, R M G N, Tückmantel, T, Vieira, J, Vincke, H, Wing, M and Xia, G;