Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs : theory and experiments

Al-Seyab, Rihab and Schires, Kevin and Ali Khan, Nadir and Hurtado, Antonio and Henning, Ian D. and Adams, Michael J. (2011) Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs : theory and experiments. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 17 (5). pp. 1242-1249. ISSN 1077-260X

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Abstract

We report novel theoretical results obtained from combining the method of largest Lyapunov exponent (LLE) with the spin-flip model (SFM), including noise, to model a vertical-cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) subject to polarized optical injection. The LLE is applied to the numerical solutions in order to automatically calculate stability maps that characterize the dynamics. The SFM has been extended and generalized to allow for optical injection of arbitrary polarization. Measurements on a 1550-nm VCSEL have been used to estimate the values of key parameters for use in the model and with these we demonstrate excellent agreement between theory and experiment.