Interactions and collisions of discrete breathers in two-species Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices

Campbell, Russell and Oppo, Gian-Luca and Borkowski, Mateusz (2015) Interactions and collisions of discrete breathers in two-species Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices. Physical Review E, 91 (1). 012909. ISSN 1539-3755

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    Abstract

    The dynamics of static and traveling breathers in two-species Bose-Einstein condensates in a one-dimensional optical lattice is modelled within the tight-binding approximation. Two coupled discrete nonlinear Schr¨odinger equations describe the interaction of the condensates in two cases of relevance: a mixture of two ytterbium isotopes and a mixture of 87Rb and 41K. Depending on their initial separation, interaction between static breathers of different species can lead to the formation of symbiotic structures and transform one of the breathers from a static into a traveling one. Collisions between traveling and static discrete breathers composed of different species are separated into four distinct regimes ranging from totally elastic when the interspecies interaction is highly attractive to mutual destruction when the interaction is sufficiently large and repulsive. We provide an explanation of the collision features in terms of the interspecies coupling and the negative effective mass of the discrete breathers.

    ORCID iDs

    Campbell, Russell ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9324-7066, Oppo, Gian-Luca ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5376-4309 and Borkowski, Mateusz;