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Determination of an optimal axial-length tension for the study of isolated resistance arteries on a pressure myograph

Coats, P and Hillier, C (1999) Determination of an optimal axial-length tension for the study of isolated resistance arteries on a pressure myograph. Experimental Physiology, 84 (6). 1085–1094. ISSN 0958-0670

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Abstract

The effects of longitudinal stretch on vasoreactivity were assessed in isolated, pressurised arteries from the rat mesentery, rat mid-cerebral and human subcutaneous vascular beds. A stretch-dependent increase in reactivity was observed only in rat third order mesenteric arteries. Longitudinal stretch > 20 % (force equal to 0.23 +/- 0.04 mN) optimises vasoconstrictor responses to noradrenaline and phenylephrine in rat third order mesenteric arteries. Stretch did not affect the vasoconstriction response to depolarisation by 30 mM K+ PSS in any of the arteries studied. Similarly, stretch had no affect on pressure-dependent myogenic responses in rat mid-cerebral arteries. Endothelium-independent and endothelium-dependent mechanisms of vasorelaxation were unaffected by stretch in rat third order mesenteric arteries. Likewise, stretch did not affect vasoreactivity in rat mid-cerebral and human subcutaneous resistance arteries. Our results show that longitudinal stretch in isobaric-mounted rat third order mesenteric arteries is an important methodological consideration. Considering our results, we recommend that isobaric-mounted rat third order mesenteric arteries are stretched > 20 % to provide optimal experimental conditions for pharmacological studies.