The burden of HPV-associated anogenital cancers

Wakeham, Katie and Kavanagh, Kimberley (2014) The burden of HPV-associated anogenital cancers. Current Oncology Reports, 16 (9). 402. ISSN 1523-3790 (

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The epidemiology of ano-genitals cancers is under going substantial change. Cervical cancer remains a major public health concern, particular in resource-limited settings. Cancers of the anus, penis, vaginal and vulva are relatively uncommon cancers, but may be increasing in incidence. The change in occurrence of ano-genital cancers may be due to increasing HPV transmission secondary to changes in sexual behaviour. The screening programme and the HPV vaccine offer optimism that ano-genital cancers can in the future be prevented. This article reviews the epidemiology of ano-genital cancers with a focus on Scottish data.