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Using navigation intraoperative measurements narrows range of outcomes in TKA

Picard, Frederic and Deakin, Angela H and Clarke, Jon V and Dillon, John M and Gregori, Alberto (2007) Using navigation intraoperative measurements narrows range of outcomes in TKA. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 463. pp. 50-7. ISSN 0009-921X

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Abstract

UNLABELLED: Computer-assisted technology creates a new approach to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The primary purpose of this technology is to improve component placement and soft tissue balance. We asked whether the use of navigation techniques would lead to a narrow range of implant alignment in both coronal and sagittal planes and throughout the flexion-extension range. Using a prospective consecutive series of 57 navigated TKAs, we assessed intraoperative knee measurements, including alignment, varus-valgus stress angles in extension, and varus-valgus angles from 0 degrees to 90 degrees of flexion comparing postimplant with preimplant. We found fewer outliers with coronal (100% of TKAs within +/-2 degrees) and sagittal (0% of TKAs with fixed flexion greater than 5 degrees) alignment, soft tissue balancing (mean varus and valgus stress angles -3.2 degrees and 2.3 degrees; range, -5 degrees to 5 degrees), and mean femorotibial angle over flexion range 0 degrees (-0.2 degrees; range, -1 degrees to 2 degrees), 30 degrees (-0.2 degrees; range, -5 degrees to 4 degrees), 60 degrees (-0.5 degrees; range, -5 degrees to 7 degrees), and 90 degrees (-0.2 degrees; range, -5 degrees to 10 degrees). This technology allows a narrow range of implant placement and soft tissue management in extension. We anticipate improved ultimate patient outcomes with less tissue disruption. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.