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Interfacial metallurgy study of brazed joints between tungsten and fusion related materials for divertor design

Zhang, Yuxuan and Galloway, Alexander and Wood, James and Olsson Robbie, Mikael and Easton, David and Zhu, Wenzhong (2014) Interfacial metallurgy study of brazed joints between tungsten and fusion related materials for divertor design. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 454 (1-3). pp. 207-216. ISSN 0022-3115

[img] PDF (Zhang Yuxuan et al - Pure - AAM Interfacial metallurgy study of brazed joints between tungsten and fusion related matrials for divertor design 8 Aug 2014)
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Abstract

In the developing DEMO divertor, the design of joints between tungsten to other fusion related materials is a significant challenge as a result of the dissimilar physical metallurgy of the materials to be joined. This paper focuses on the design and fabrication of dissimilar brazed joints between tungsten and fusion relevant materials such as EUROFER 97, oxygen-free high thermal conductivity (OFHC) Cu and SS316L using a gold based brazing foil. The main objectives are to develop acceptable brazing procedures for dissimilar joining of tungsten to other fusion compliant materials and to advance the metallurgical understanding within the interfacial region of the brazed joint. Four different butt-type brazed joints were created and characterised, each of which were joined with the aid of a thin brazing foil (Au80Cu19Fe1, in wt.%). Microstructural characterisation and elemental mapping in the transition region of the joint was undertaken and, thereafter, the results were analysed as was the interfacial diffusion characteristics of each material combination produced. Nano-indentation tests are performed at the joint regions and correlated with element composition information in order to understand the effects of diffused elements on mechanical properties. The experimental procedures of specimen fabrication and material characterisation methods are presented. The results of elemental transitions after brazing are reported. Elastic modulus and nano-hardness of each brazed joints are reported.