Development of new polar monolithic coatings for stir bar sorptive extraction

Gilart, Núria and Marcé, Rosa Maria and Cormack, Peter A. G. and Fontanals, Núria and Borrull, Francesc (2014) Development of new polar monolithic coatings for stir bar sorptive extraction. Journal of Separation Science, 37. pp. 2225-2232. ISSN 1615-9306

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Abstract

Polar vinyl monomers have been used for the synthesis of several polymer monoliths, to serve as novel coatings for stir bar sorptive extraction; the monovinyl monomers 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and poly(ethylene glycol) monomethacrylate) (PEGMA) were copolymerized with (apolar) divinylbenzene (DVB) and/or pentaerythritol triacrylate (PETRA), both of which are cross-linking agents. After the optimization of the most important synthesis parameters, which included the ratio between total monomers and porogen, the nature of the porogen, and the monomer ratios, inter alia, three mechanically stable, polar monolithic coatings for stir bar sorptive extraction were obtained that were based on poly(HEMA-co-DVB), poly(HEMA-co-PETRA), and poly(PEGMA-co-PETRA). Thereafter, and in order to evaluate the hydrophilicity of the resulting monoliths, they were applied as materials in the stir bar sorptive extraction of a group of emerging pollutants with a wide range of polarities. The results showed that both the poly(HEMA-co-DVB) and poly(PEGMA-co-PETRA) materials could be used to extract both polar and nonpolar compounds by stir bar sorptive extraction, in an effective manner. Taking into account the desired chemical and morphological properties, as well as the extraction efficiencies, the poly(PEGMA-co-PETRA) material seemed to be a particularly promising monolith for application as a novel coating in stir bar sorptive extraction.

ORCID iDs

Gilart, Núria, Marcé, Rosa Maria, Cormack, Peter A. G. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3390-8176, Fontanals, Núria and Borrull, Francesc;