Thermal rarefied gas flow investigations through micro/nano backward-facing step : Comparison of DSMC and CFD subject to hybrid slip and jump boundary conditions

Mahdavi, Amir-Mehran and Le, Nam TP and Roohi, Ehsan and White, Craig (2014) Thermal rarefied gas flow investigations through micro/nano backward-facing step : Comparison of DSMC and CFD subject to hybrid slip and jump boundary conditions. Numerical Heat Transfer Part A: Applications, 66 (7). pp. 733-755. ISSN 1040-7782

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    Abstract

    This paper evaluates the suitability of a newly developed hybrid “Langmuir-Maxwell” and “Langmuir-Smoluchowski” slip/jump boundary conditions in the Navier-Stokes-Fourier equations for nano/micro backward-facing step geometry flow which experiences separation and reattachment. Additionally, this paper investigates the effect of different parameters such as step pressure ratio, inflow temperature and wall temperature on the separation zone in the nano/micro step geometry. We chose nitrogen as the working gas and use two DSMC solvers to assess the accuracy of the CFD solutions. DSMC results showed that the increase of the inlet temperatures extends the length of the separation zone and raises the mass flow rate. The change of pressure ratio does not affect the separation length while the increase of the step wall temperature decreases the length of this zone for both CFD and DSMC results. Compared to the DSMC results, the hybrid slip/jump boundary conditions predict better surface pressure, surface gas temperature and slip velocity in the separation zone than the standard Maxwell/Smoluchowski boundary conditions.