Uptake of Sr 2+ and Co 2+ into biogenic hydroxyapatite : implications for biomineral ion exchange synthesis

Handley-Sidhu, S. and Renshaw, J. C. and Moriyama, S. and Stolpe, B. and Mennan, C. and Bagheriasl, S. and Yong, P. and Stamboulis, A. and Paterson-Beedle, M. and Sasaki, K. and Pattrick, R. A D and Lead, J. R. and MacAskie, L. E. (2011) Uptake of Sr 2+ and Co 2+ into biogenic hydroxyapatite : implications for biomineral ion exchange synthesis. Environmental Science and Technology, 45 (16). pp. 6985-6990. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Biomineral hydroxyapatite (Bio-HAp) produced by Serratia sp. has the potential to be a suitable material for the remediation of metal contaminated waters and as a radionuclide waste storage material. Varying the Bio-HAp manufacturing method was found to influence hydroxyapatite (HAp) properties and consequently the uptake of Sr 2+ and Co 2+. All the Bio-HAp tested in this study were more efficient than the commercially available hydroxyapatite (Com-HAp) for Sr 2+ and Co 2+ uptake. For Bio-HAp the uptake for Sr 2+ and Co 2+ ranged from 24 to 39 and 29 to 78 mmol per 100 g, respectively. Whereas, the uptake of Sr 2+ and Co 2+ by Com-HAp ranged from 3 to 11 and 4 to 18 mmol per 100 g, respectively. Properties that increased metal uptake were smaller crystallite size (<40 nm) and higher surface area (>70 m 2 g -1). Organic content which influences the structure (e.g., crystallite arrangement, size and surface area) and composition of Bio-HAp was also found to be important in Sr 2+ and Co 2+ uptake. Overall, Bio-HAp shows promise for the remediation of aqueous metal waste especially since Bio-HAp can be synthesized for optimal metal uptake properties.