Graphite and hybrid nanomaterials as lubricant additives

Zhang, Zhenyu J. and Simionesie, Dorin and Schaschke, Carl (2014) Graphite and hybrid nanomaterials as lubricant additives. Lubricants, 2 (2). pp. 44-65. ISSN 2075-4442

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    Abstract

    Lubricant additives, based on inorganic nanoparticles coated with organic outer layer, can reduce wear and increase load-carrying capacity of base oil remarkably, indicating the great potential of hybrid nanoparticles as anti-wear and extreme-pressure additives with excellent levels of performance. The organic part in the hybrid materials improves their flexibility and stability, while the inorganic part is responsible for hardness. The relationship between the design parameters of the organic coatings, such as molecular architecture and the lubrication performance, however, remains to be fully elucidated. A survey of current understanding of hybrid nanoparticles as lubricant additives is presented in this review.