Planar nanophotonic devices and integration technologies

De La Rue, Richard M. and Sorel, Marc and Samarelli, Antonio and Velha, Philippe and Strain, Michael John and Johnson, Nigel P. and Sharp, Graham J. and Rahman, Faiz Ur and Khokhar, Ali Z. and Macintyre, Douglas S. and McMeekin, Scott G. and Lahiri, Basudev (2012) Planar nanophotonic devices and integration technologies. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 8414. ISSN 0277-786X

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Abstract

Planar devices that can be categorised as having a nanophotonic dimension constitute an increasingly important area of photonics research. Device structures that come under the headings of photonic crystals, photonic wires and metamaterials are all of interest - and devices based on combinations of these conceptual approaches may also play an important role. Planar micro-/nano-photonic devices seem likely to be exploited across a wide spectrum of applications in optoelectronics and photonics. This spectrum includes the domains of display devices, biomedical sensing and sensing more generally, advanced fibre-optical communications systems - and even communications down to the local area network (LAN) level. This article will review both device concepts and the applications possibilities of the various different devices.