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Instrumentation for diagnostics and control of laser-accelerated proton (ion) beams

Bolton, Paul and Borghesi, M. and Brenner, Ceri Mae and Carroll, David and de Martinis, C and Fiorini, F. and Floquet, V and Flaccoe, A and Fuchs, J. and Gallegos, Pablo and Giove, D and Green, J.S. and Green, S. and Jones, B. and Kirby, D and McKenna, Paul and Neely, David and Nuesslin, F and Prasad, R. and Reinhardt, S and Roth, M. and Schramm, Ulrich and Scott, Graeme Gordon and Ter-Avetisyan, S. and Tolley, M. and Turchetti, G and Wilkens, J. J. (2014) Instrumentation for diagnostics and control of laser-accelerated proton (ion) beams. Physica Medica, 30 (3). 255–270.

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Abstract

Suitable instrumentation for laser-accelerated proton (ion) beams is critical for development of integrated, laser-driven ion accelerator systems. Instrumentation aimed at beam diagnostics and control must be applied to the driving laser pulse, the laser–plasma that forms at the target and the emergent proton (ion) bunch in a correlated way to develop these novel accelerators. This report is a brief overview of established diagnostic techniques and new developments based on material presented at the first workshop on ‘Instrumentation for Diagnostics and Control of Laser-accelerated Proton (Ion) Beams’ in Abingdon, UK. It includes radiochromic film (RCF), image plates (IP), micro-channel plates (MCP), Thomson spectrometers, prompt inline scintillators, time and space-resolved interferometry (TASRI) and nuclear activation schemes. Repetition-rated instrumentation requirements for target metrology are also addressed.