Demonstration of ultrafast, all-optical, low control energy, single wavelength, polarization independent, cascadable, and integratable switch

Kang, K. I. and Chang, T. G. and Glesk, I. and Prucnal, P. R. and Boncek, R. K. (1995) Demonstration of ultrafast, all-optical, low control energy, single wavelength, polarization independent, cascadable, and integratable switch. Applied Physics Letters, 67. pp. 605-607. ISSN 0003-6951

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Abstract

A new type of ultrafast all optical switch based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer is demonstrated with a 10 ps switching window which requires only 0.65 pJ of control pulse energy. The optical nonlinearity which is utilized is associated with the gain compression of semiconductor optical amplifiers, and the switching turnoff transition does not depend on the slow amplifier recovery time. Both data and control pulses are at the same wavelength of 1.313 μm, and are not polarized orthogonal to each other. The device configuration and the semiconductor amplifiers allow for small scale integration and data output cascadability.