High resolution performance analysis of micro-trigeneration in an energy-efficient residential building

Borg, S.P. and Kelly, N.J. (2013) High resolution performance analysis of micro-trigeneration in an energy-efficient residential building. Energy and Buildings, 67. pp. 153-165. ISSN 0378-7788

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    Abstract

    Trigeneration has long been proposed as a means to improve energy-efficiency for large and medium sized buildings. To curb increasing energy demand in the residential sector, researchers are now focusing their attention on adapting trigeneration to residential buildings. Literature is full of examples pertaining to the performance of trigeneration in large and medium sized commercial buildings, however little is known on the performance of micro-trigeneration inside residential buildings, particularly under a range of operating conditions. To understand the influence that parameters such as changes in thermal and electrical loading or different plant configurations have on the performance of micro-trigeneration, this research makes use of a detailed model of a Maltese apartment building, and associated micro-trigeneration system. The performance of the model is simulated using a whole building simulation tool run at high-resolution minute time frequency over a number of different operating conditions and scenarios. Each scenario was then assessed on the basis of the system's energetic, environmental and economic performance. The results show that, compared to separate generation the use of a residential micro-trigeneration system reduces primary energy consumption by about 40%, but also that the system's financial performance is highly susceptible to the operating conditions.

    ORCID iDs

    Borg, S.P. and Kelly, N.J. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6517-5942;