Patterns of foreign direct investment in Mongolia, 1990-2003 : a research note

Demirbag, Mehmet and Tatoglu, Ekrem and Oyungerel, Adiya (2005) Patterns of foreign direct investment in Mongolia, 1990-2003 : a research note. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 46 (4). pp. 306-318. ISSN 1538-7216

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Abstract

This paper delineates the pattern and structure of foreign direct investment (FDI) in a land-locked transition economy, Mongolia, situated strategically between Russia and China. The assessment is based on publications of major international financial institutions, official statistical publications of the Mongolian Government, and a unique dataset of 1,035 FDI firms based on a database compiled by the Mongolian office of the World Bank. A structured analysis of the dataset and government statistical publications makes it possible to ascertain patterns with respect to FDI country origin, sectoral composition, mode of entry, firm capitalization, composition of foreign and local partners, entry date, and location of the investment (core versus periphery). Journal of Economic Literature, Classification Numbers: E60, F21, P33. 5 figures, 3 tables, 34 references.