René Massigli’s Mission to London, 1944–1954

Pastor-Castro, Rogelia (2013) René Massigli’s Mission to London, 1944–1954. Diplomacy and Statecraft, 24. pp. 1-20. ISSN 0959-2296

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Abstract

René Massigli’s considerable contribution to French diplomacy began during the First World War. After being closely involved with many significant developments in French foreign policy during the 5 inter-war years, Massigli then served alongside Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War. Informed by his experience of the 1930s, he adopted a view of western European security that saw him determined to promote greater co-operation between France and Britain to withstand a potential German resurgence and a 10 looming Soviet threat. But following France’s efforts after 1950 to promote European integration based on Franco-German cooperation, Massigli re-defined his role of ambassador and openly challenged French initiatives such as the Schuman Plan and, in particular, the European Defence Community, not only because 15 they did not include Britain, but also because they threatened his view of French security. This analysis assesses Massigli’s strategic vision and his attempts to overcome the underlying constraints.