Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

Biopolymers for biosensors : polypeptide nanotubes for optical biosensing

Duran, H. and Lau, K. H. A. and Luebbert, A. and Jonas, U. and Steinhart, M. and Knoll, W. (2008) Biopolymers for biosensors : polypeptide nanotubes for optical biosensing. In: Polymers for Biomedical Applications. ACS Symposium Series . American Chemical Society, San Francisco, pp. 371-390. ISBN 9780841239661

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

In this work, N-carboxy anhydride (NCA) monomer molecules were condensed on the pore walls of an initiator-coated nanoporous alumina template, leading to polypeptide (poly(gamma-benzyl-L-glutamate), PBLG) film formation. Three different ways were followed for peptide nanotube formation: NCA polymerization in solution, in melt and polymerization from surface-nitiated vapor deposition. While the NCA monomer was polymerized within the pores, the wall thickness of the resulting polypeptide was tuned by changing the polymerization time. This polypeptide-coated alumina membrane will be used as planar optical waveguide to monitor both the changes in the refractive index and fluorescent signals of the composite membrane through specific binding of a bioanalyte. We monitored for the first time the in-situ formation of an initiator layer (3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane, APTE) inside the pores of an alumina membrane via optical waveguide spectroscopy. Attachment of initiator molecule effectively changed the dielectric constants of the interfaces, resulting in detectable shifts of the waveguide modes. We have previously demonstrated that unmodified nanoporous alumina waveguide sensor having a 10 times higher sensitivity than surface plasmon spectroscopy (SPR). The sensitivity may be further increased if the pores are coated with PBLG polypeptides, which has many functional sites on each polypeptide chain.