Fruit and vegetable intake and overall cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)

Boffetta, Paolo and Couto, Elisabeth and Wichmann, Janine and Ferrari, Pietro and Trichopoulos, Dimitrios and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H Bas and van Duijnhoven, Fränzel J B and Büchner, Frederike L and Key, Tim and Boeing, Heiner and Nöthlings, Ute and Linseisen, Jakob and Gonzalez, Carlos A and Overvad, Kim and Nielsen, Michael R S and Tjønneland, Anne and Olsen, Anja and Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Morois, Sophie and Lagiou, Pagona and Naska, Androniki and Benetou, Vassiliki and Kaaks, Rudolf and Rohrmann, Sabine and Panico, Salvatore and Sieri, Sabina and Vineis, Paolo and Palli, Domenico and van Gils, Carla H and Peeters, Petra H and Lund, Eiliv and Brustad, Magritt and Engeset, Dagrun and Huerta, José María and Rodríguez, Laudina and Sánchez, Maria-José and Dorronsoro, Miren and Barricarte, Aurelio and Hallmans, Göran and Johansson, Ingegerd and Manjer, Jonas and Sonestedt, Emily and Allen, Naomi E and Bingham, Sheila and Khaw, Kay-Tee and Slimani, Nadia and Jenab, Mazda and Mouw, Traci and Norat, Teresa and Riboli, Elio and Trichopoulou, Antonia (2010) Fruit and vegetable intake and overall cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 102 (8). pp. 529-537.

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Abstract

It is widely believed that cancer can be prevented by high intake of fruits and vegetables. However, inconsistent results from many studies have not been able to conclusively establish an inverse association between fruit and vegetable intake and overall cancer risk.