A quantitative assessment of nanometric machinability of major polytypes of single crystal silicon carbide

Luo, Xichun and Goel, Saurav and Reuben, Robert L (2012) A quantitative assessment of nanometric machinability of major polytypes of single crystal silicon carbide. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 32 (12). pp. 3423-3434. ISSN 0955-2219

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    Abstract

    The influence of polymorphism on nanometric machinability of single crystal silicon carbide (SiC) has been investigated through molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The simulation results are compared with silicon as a reference material. Cutting hardness was adopted as a quantifier of the machinability of the polytypes of single crystal SiC. 3C-SiC offered highest cutting resistance (∼2.9 times that of silicon) followed by the 4H-SiC (∼2.8 times that of silicon) whereas 6H-SiC (∼2.1 times that of silicon) showed the least. Despite its high cutting resistance, 4H-SiC showed the minimum sub-surface crystal lattice deformed layer depth, in contrast to 6H-SiC. Further analysis of temperatures in the cutting zone and the percentage tool wear indicated that single point diamond turning (SPDT) of single crystal SiC could be limited to either 6H-SiC or 4H-SiC depending upon quality and cost considerations as these were found to be more responsive and amenable to SPDT compared to single crystal 3C-SiC.