Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

Optimized Schwarz methods for Maxwell's equations

Dolean Maini, Victorita and Gander, M.J. and Gerardo-Giorda, L. (2009) Optimized Schwarz methods for Maxwell's equations. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 31 (3). pp. 2193-2213. ISSN 1064-8275

[img]
Preview
PDF
080728536.pdf
Preprint

Download (9MB) | Preview

Abstract

Over the last two decades, classical Schwarz methods have been extended to systems of hyperbolic partial differential equations, using characteristic transmission conditions, and it has been observed that the classical Schwarz method can be convergent even without overlap in certain cases. This is in strong contrast to the behavior of classical Schwarz methods applied to elliptic problems, for which overlap is essential for convergence. More recently, optimized Schwarz methods have been developed for elliptic partial differential equations. These methods use more effective transmission conditions between subdomains than the classical Dirichlet conditions, and optimized Schwarz methods can be used both with and without overlap for elliptic problems. We show here why the classical Schwarz method applied to both the time harmonic and time discretized Maxwell's equations converges without overlap: the method has the same convergence factor as a simple optimized Schwarz method for a scalar elliptic equation. Based on this insight, we develop an entire new hierarchy of optimized overlapping and nonoverlapping Schwarz methods for Maxwell's equations with greatly enhanced performance compared to the classical Schwarz method. We also derive for each algorithm asymptotic formulas for the optimized transmission conditions, which can easily be used in implementations of the algorithms for problems with variable coefficients. We illustrate our findings with numerical experiments.