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Driving innovations in manufacturing: Open Access research from DMEM

Strathprints makes available Open Access scholarly outputs by Strathclyde's Department of Design, Manufacture & Engineering Management (DMEM).

Centred on the vision of 'Delivering Total Engineering', DMEM is a centre for excellence in the processes, systems and technologies needed to support and enable engineering from concept to remanufacture. From user-centred design to sustainable design, from manufacturing operations to remanufacturing, from advanced materials research to systems engineering.

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Reactions of a trifunctional silane coupling agent in the presence of colloidal silica sols in polar media

Daniels, M W and Sefcik, J and Francis, L F and McCormick, A V (1999) Reactions of a trifunctional silane coupling agent in the presence of colloidal silica sols in polar media. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 219 (2). pp. 351-356. ISSN 0021-9797

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Abstract

Reactions of 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPS) in a water-rich environment with silica colloids were studied. Si-29 NMR spectroscopy was used to monitor quantitatively the variation in GPS hydrolysis, condensation, and adsorption with pH and water concentration. The results show the competition between adsorption on the silica surface and condensation polymerization of GPS in the bulk liquid and are used to identify conditions favorable to surface modification. The presence of colloidal silica was shown to increase the apparent GPS dimerization rate, suggesting either surface catalysis or an increased local reactant concentration in the electrical double layer around the silica colloids.