Structure and conductivity of rutile niobium iron titanate

Cowin, Peter I. and Petit, Christophe T G and Lan, Rong and Schaschke, Carl J. and Tao, Shanwen (2013) Structure and conductivity of rutile niobium iron titanate. Solid State Ionics, 236. pp. 48-53. ISSN 0167-2738

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Abstract

The structure and electrical conductivity of the solid solution Fe xTi1 - 2xNbxO2-δ (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) have been investigated. A solid solution with the rutile structure is observed, along with an increase in unit cell volume with increasing substitution. The conductivity in 5% H2/Ar reduced with increasing doping levels, reaching a maximum of 2.67 S cm- 1 at 700 C for Fe0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1O2-δ. None of the compounds in this series were redox stable at 700 C in 5% H2/Ar, with increasing amounts of a haematite secondary phase observed with increased doping levels. Reduction at 900 C in 5% H2/Ar caused a significant increase in conductivity (8.34 S cm- 1 in 5%H2/Ar) at 700 C, suggesting that only partial reduction occurs at lower temperatures. The lack of redox stability and relatively low conductivities of these materials makes them unsuitable as a component of composite anode for IT-SOFC.