The effects of web opening on web crippling strength of cold-formed steel channels under interior-two-flange loading condition

Uzzaman, Asraf and Lim, James and Nash, David and Rhodes, James and Young, Ben (2012) The effects of web opening on web crippling strength of cold-formed steel channels under interior-two-flange loading condition. In: 21st International Specialty Conference on Cold Formed Steel Structures, 2012-10-24 - 2013-03-25.

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    Abstract

    Cold-formed steel sections are often used as wall studs or floor joists; such sections often include web holes for ease of installation of the services. Web crippling at points of concentrated, or localised, load or reaction in thin-walled beams is well known to be a significant problem, particularly in the case of beams with slender webs, and is of high importance in the field of cold-formed steel members, as such members are generally not stiffened against this type of loading. In this paper, a combination of experimental tests and non-linear elasto-plastic finite element analyses are used to investigate the effect of such holes on web crippling under end-two-flange (ETF) loading condition. In the case of the tests with web openings, the web holes located at the mid-depth of the webs. A non-linear elasto-plastic finite element model is developed in this study, and the results compared against the laboratory test results; a good agreement was obtained in terms of both strength and failure modes.