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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Circles and spirals : population persistence in a spatially explicit predator-prey model

Gurney, William and Veitch, A.R. and Cruickshank, I. and McGeachin, G. (1998) Circles and spirals : population persistence in a spatially explicit predator-prey model. Ecology, 79 (7). pp. 2516-2530. ISSN 0012-9658

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Abstract

The primary aim of the work reported in this paper is to elucidate the relationship between discrete and continuous deterministic representations of spatial population processes. Our experimental vehicle is a spatially explicit version of the Rosenzweig-McArthur model with immobile prey and a diffusively dispersing predator. We find that careful formulation of the discrete representation leads to essentially complete behavioral concordance between the two representations. We examine the invasions that follow localized introduction of predators into such a system and show that the biological realism of the model predictions can be greatly enhanced by preventing in situ regrowth of predator populations from densities that should be interpreted as representing local extinction. We exploit the close concordance of behavior between continuous and discrete representations by using the discrete version to perform a wide range of numerical experiments on one-dimensional and two-dimensional systems, while turning to the continous version to provide approximate analytic results for the natural time and space scales of the predicted population patterns. We conclude by discussing the implications of our findings for the experimental and theoretical study of spatial population dynamics.