Picture of neon light reading 'Open'

Discover open research at Strathprints as part of International Open Access Week!

23-29 October 2017 is International Open Access Week. The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of Open Access research outputs, all produced by University of Strathclyde researchers.

Explore recent world leading Open Access research content this Open Access Week from across Strathclyde's many research active faculties: Engineering, Science, Humanities, Arts & Social Sciences and Strathclyde Business School.

Explore all Strathclyde Open Access research outputs...

Design, simulation and characterization of a bimorph varifocal micromirror and its application in an optical imaging system

Li, Li and Li, Ran and Lubeigt, Walter and Uttamchandani, Deepak (2013) Design, simulation and characterization of a bimorph varifocal micromirror and its application in an optical imaging system. Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 22 (2). pp. 285-294. ISSN 1057-7157

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


A 1.2-mm-diameter gold–silicon bimorph varifocal micromirror (VFM) has been designed and investigated for imaging applications. Several prototypes have been fabricated in a 10-$muhbox{m}$-thick single-crystal silicon-on-insulator material. Controlled variation of the radius of curvature using electrothermal and optothermal actuation has been demonstrated. A finite-element-based simulation of the device behavior has been undertaken. Experimental characterization has shown that the device focusing power varied from an initial 87 dioptre to 69 dioptre by applying dc electrical power of 33 mW and produced a focusing power value of 59 dioptre when optothermally actuated with a normally incident laser beam of 488-nm wavelength and 43 mW. When electrothermally driven, the mechanical rise and fall times of the device were measured as 130 and 120 ms, respectively. Experimental and theoretical analyses using Zernike coefficients show that, throughout the actuation range, the aberration of the VFM is mainly a small defocus term, with negligible higher order aberrations. A compact active imaging system incorporating the VFM has been also demonstrated. This system was capable of focusing several objects located along the optical axis with a maximum tracking range of 134 mm.